Friday, August 20, 2010

KGC Twofer


EXCERPT: "Lambdin Milligan, from Huntington near Fort Wayne, was a lawyer, farmer, and leader of the Knights of the Golden Circle during the war. He publicly protested the Union's waging war against the Confederacy and he by the end of 1863 was widely believed to be involved in a huge conspiracy against the United States. Union authorities believed he was in contact with Confederate agents and was arrested in October 1864 by order of General Alvin P. Hovey and tried before a military tribunal. No warrant or affidavit was given to show Milligan's arrest was authorized. Milligan was told that he must prove his innocence. He was convicted and sentenced to hang but the sentence was later commuted to life by President Andrew Johnson. He appealed to the Supreme Court and in what became knows as the Ex Parte Milligan ruling. His conviction was overturned as unconstitutional for use of military tribunals when civil courts were still operating."


EXCERPT: "It is well known that secret conspiratorial societies were rampant in that era, including the Knights of the Golden Circle (which evolved into the Ku Klux Klan) that Abraham Lincoln’s assassin, John Wilkes Booth, belonged to. These societies were known to include the cultivation of techniques of assassination by poisoning in their arsenal."